The Hayward fault is a 90 kilometer long crack in the Earth's crust that travels through the San Francisco Bay area. Unlock your Hip Flexors, Gives you More Strength, Better Health and All-Day Energy. A rail line between Oakland and San Jose, the South Pacific Coast Railroad, was established, but was destroyed in the 1868 earthquake. Its last major rupture occurred in 1868, during California's frontier days, and was the original "Great San Francisco Earthquake" until 1906.. A fascinating approach to wipe out anxiety disorders and cure in just weeks, to become Anxiety free, relaxed, and happy. You can view historic damage photographs side-by-side with modern photos taken from the same vantage point. At 7:53 am, a 7.0 magnitude quake hit the San Francisco Bay Area. What does a fault look like? If you like my job please do like us at social networking sites. The Bay Area lies on an active plate boundary, one that separates the North American and Pacific plates. On October 21, 1868, a magnitude 7.0 earthquake occurred on the Hayward Fault in the East Bay. October 21, 1868 – 150 years ago this Sunday — a walloping earthquake struck near Hayward, rocking the Bay Area and damaging buildings throughout the Bay Area and as far away as Hollister. If you know what to look for, it is easy to spot the cracks where the fault cuts through roads, sidewalks, and even large structures like the University of Berkeley football stadium. Learn about some of the new methods that scientists are using to study the Bay Area faults. Write CSS OR LESS and hit save. October 12, 1868: An earthquake with a magnitude of 6.8 struck the region of San Francisco Bay. Learn more about the 1868 Hayward earthquake through photographs and accounts of the earthquake, and learn how scientists have used this information to determine the intensity of the earthquake. The 1868 Hayward earthquake occurred in the San Francisco Bay Area, California, United States on October 21.With an estimated Richter magnitude of 6.8–7.0 and a … I just love to search something new. Hayward, California after the 1868 quake The Hayward Fault runs through the San Francisco suburb of Hayward, California. The intense shaking caused much damage in the sparsely populated Bay Area. Known at the time as the "Great San Francisco earthquake," it violently shook San Francisco and surrounding cities, killing 30. As the two plates grind past each other at a rate of about 2 in/yr (5 cm/yr), numerous earthquakes of all sizes occur along the boundary. Therefore i bought up this site. The morning of October 21, 1868, dawned clear with a temperature of fifty-nine degrees in downtown San Francisco. It lasted for more than 40 seconds and is considered one of the most destructive earthquakes in California’s history, regardless of the sparse population of the time. The quake on the Hayward Fault lasted for about 1 minute and was felt over most of Northern California. That means the Hayward Fault may be due. In fact, the 1868 earthquake was known as the “Great Earthquake” until 1906. The Hayward Fault One of the Most Hazardous Faults At 7:53 AM local time, on 21 October 1868, the destructive waves from a Magnitude 7 earthquake on the southern end of the Hayward Fault, quickly traveled across the San Francisco Bay Area and beyond. The Haward earthquake on the Fault lasted for about 1 minute and was felt over most of Northern California. At the time, there were no seismometers, so the location of the epicenter is unknown, but there were observations that the Hayward Fault ruptured the surface from Fremont to Oakland, and perhaps as far north as Berkeley. Explore some of the data from recent studies along the Hayward Fault including photographs of recent movement along the fault. At 7:53 am, a 7.0 magnitude quake hit the San Francisco Bay Area. Hint: Is the number of people and infrastructure built near the fault similar to that in 1868? The magnitude 6.8 Hayward earthquake on October 21, 1868 was one of the most damaging earthquakes in California history. County Courthouse in San Leandro photo from UC Bancroft Library 4 The last major earthquake on the Hayward fault was the Great Earthquake of 1868.It hit at 7:53am on October 21, 1868, and was estimated to have been between magnitude 6.8 and 7.0. 30 fatalities, 5 in San Francisco (7th most lethal California earthquake) Extensive damage in San Leandro, Hayward, and Fremont (total population less than 2000—now is over 500,000) Given its urban location, the Hayward Fault has probably been studied more than any fault in the world. The San Francisco Bay Area has grown tremendously since 1868. A lesser-known cousin of the San Andreas Fault, the Hayward Fault is a crack in the earth’s crust up to 20 miles deep that stretches roughly 70 miles from San Pablo Bay in the north to Fremont and Milpitas at its southernmost end. The section of the Hayward Fault that produced the 1868 Hayward earthquake is highlighted in yellow. The 1868 Hayward Fault earthquake is a reminder of the tremendous power that lurks beneath the Earth’s surface in the San Francisco Bay region. The morning of October 21, 1868, dawned clear with a temperature of fifty-nine degrees in downtown San Francisco. MMI ShakeMap of Central California for the 1868 Hayward earthquake by Boatwright and Bundock (2008) : JPEGs: Contours and Grids: Metadata: Postscript: Shapefiles: Station Lists: MMI ShakeMap of the San Francisco Bay Area with 1868 Coastline and Roads for the 1868 Hayward earthquake by Boatwright and Bundock (2008) : JPEGs: Contours and Grids: Metadata: Postscript Using this self-guided, virtual tour of the 1868 quake in Google Earth you can learn about the 1868 earthquake, visualize its effects, and better plan for its expected repeat. The "1868 Hayward Earthquake Alliance," a private-public consortium of 123 organizations raising awareness about the imminent danger lurking under our feet, has put together studies and scenarios by various researchers and modelers about the potential earthquake's frightening aftermaths: The immediate commercial and residential economic losses, including damage to private buildings … The 1868 Hayward Earthquake Occurring at approximately 8:00 a.m. local time on October 21, 1868, the Hayward Earthquake was felt throughout the entire San Francisco Bay Area, with strong shaking lasting more than 40 seconds. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. 1868 “the great San Francisco earthquake”. Earthquake Setting of the San Francisco Bay Area. Recent geological studies indicate that the average interval between the past five large earthquakes on the Hayward Fault is 140 years, meaning that another large quake can occur at any time. By digging trenches across the fault, scientists have determined that the last five earthquakes large enough to cause damage have occurred about every 140 years (the “recurrence rate”). The most recent large earthquake on the Hayward Fault occurred on October 21, 1868, and it ruptured the southern part of the fault. In 1868, a M~6.8 earthquake destroyed downtown Hayward, and did significant damage in San Francisco. M6.8 October 21, 1868 Hayward Fault Earthquake Because of its location in the heart of the Bay Area, then having a total population of about 260,000, and its magnitude, variously estimated as between 6.8 and 7.0, this earthquake was one of the most destructive in California history. Cat Spraying No More – How to Stop Your Cat from Peeing Outside the Litter Box – Permanently. the Hayward shore of the Bay was developed into extensive salt evaporation ponds, and was one of the most productive areas in the world, with Leslie Salt one of the largest companies. Yet, few San Francisco Bay Area residents know about the earthquake. The earthquake of 1868 was powerful enough — somewhere between a 6.8 and a 7.0 — that even after destroying much of the small towns of San Leandro and Hayward… Known as the "great San Francisco earthquake" until 1906, one of California's most destructive earthquakes occurred on October 21, 1868, resulting from slip on the Hayward Fault. See maps showing the earthquake probabilities and liquefaction susceptibility of the Bay Area. How close to an earthquake fault do you live? As the Pacific plate moves north relative to the North American plate, strain is placed on the Bay Area faults. This figure shows LiDAR topographic imagery of the Hayward Fault, as well as the location of this morning’s earthquake. The Earthquake of 1868 The 1868 earthquake on the Hayward Fault capped a decade-long sequence of seven increasingly strong quakes in the Bay Area. Because the Bay Area’s population has grown by more than 25 times since 1868, the next large quake could potentially cause hundreds of deaths and leave thousands homeless. The three decades mentioned earlier may be an optimistic time span. Since then, nearly three million people have moved next to the Hayward fault with little regard for its earthquake potential. Modern analysis of the ob-servations recorded in 1868 has shown just how wide-spread and damaging the effects of that quake were. Over time, memories of the 1868 Hayward earthquake have faded. Magnitude 6.8 . It was the strongest in the region since written recordkeeping began in 1776 and was called the "Great San Francisco Earthquake" until the name was usurped by the far more damaging 1906 quake. The last major earthquake on the Hayward Fault was a magnitude-6.8 earthquake in 1868—150 years ago.” It bears repeating: Earthquakes do … The amount of damage due to the 1868 Hayward earthquake is equal to our expectated consequences following the upcoming next Hayward fault earthquake. More than 7 million people are now dependent on a complex and aging infrastructure that is vulnerable to the effects of future earthquakes in the region. Known at the time as the "Great San Francisco earthquake," it violently shook San Francisco and surrounding cities, killing 30. Explore the earthquake faults, geology, and seismic history in the Bay Area. CTRL + SPACE for auto-complete. have struck the Hayward, one every 140 years on average, and 140 years have now passed since the last big Hayward earthquake occurred in 1868. tterns in 1868. Heavy damage occurred in communities situated along the fault and in San Fransico and San Jose. Hayward Fault and 1868 Earthquake Special Collection Hayward Fault and 1868 Earthquake Special Collection October 21, 2008 marks the 140th anniversary of the 1868 Hayward earthquake, which was the first great “San Francisco earthquake” and one of the most damaging earthquakes in the nation's history. During the 1868 earthquake, the southern end of the fault ruptured, sending seismic shock waves throughout the region. Thank you and Keep Visiting site. How do scientists know where the faults are? Get All Your Healthy Superfoods In One Drink, Rock City – Roadside Attraction on Lookout Mountain, Muhammad bin Qasim – The Conquest of Sindh, Halime Hatun – The Beloved Wife of Ertugrul Bey, FREEZE-DRYING – 1906 Improving Food Conservation. Flavor Pairing Ritual Supercharges Women’s Metabolisms, Boost Your Energy, Immune System, Sexual Function, Strength & Athletic Performance, Find Luxury & Designer Goods, Handbags & Clothes at or Below Wholesale. The amount f damage due to the 1868 Hayward earthquake s equal to our expectated consequences following the upcoming next Hayward fault earthquake. The 1868 earthquake. The 1868 earthquake was a result of build up of strain along the Hayward Fault. … From the initial shock at 7:53 AM up until 4:00 PM, 26 aftershocks rattled the Bay Area. The magnitude 6.8 Hayward earthquake on October 21, 1868 was one of the most damaging earthquakes in California history. Hayward Fault and 1868 Earthquake Virtual Special Issue October 21, 2018 marks the 150th anniversary of the 1868 Hayward earthquake, which was the first great “San Francisco earthquake” and one of the most damaging earthquakes in U.S. history. The Hayward Fault in the East Bay is considered the most dangerous earthquake fault in America. You have entered an incorrect email address! The Hayward Fault runs through, or near to, one of the most densely urbanized areas in North America. On October 21, 1868 at 7:53 a.m., a 6.8 magnitude earthquake shook the San Francisco Bay Area for forty seconds. The Hayward Fault runs through the San Francisco suburb of Hayward, California. Yet, few San Francisco Bay Area residents know about the earthquake. Major earthquake faults in the San Francisco Bay region. Any suggestions or comments that you would like to share, please do write it in the comment box. Second, the Hayward is the most urbanized fault in the United States. The plates keep moving, as they have for 30 million years, which means strain continues to build and future earthquakes like the 1868 are a certainty. © Copyright Charismatic Planet - All Rights Reserved. I strongly believe everything on planet earth is so beautiful, its just a matter of exploration. Explore the tectonic plates of the world and the earthquakes that accompany them. The population at greatest risk from a Hayward Fault earthquake is 100 times greater than in 1868. anawerad Hint Is the number of people and infrastructure built near the fault similar to that in 1868? Property loss was extensive and 30 people were killed. There are eight major faults in the Bay Area that take up the movement between the Pacific and North American plates. The earthquake of 1868 was powerful enough — somewhere between a 6.8 and a 7.0 magnitude — that, even after destroying much of the small towns of San Leandro and Hayward, it … You can also learn how urbanization has changed the Bay Area landscape since 1868 and much more, including: Why are there earthquakes in the Bay Area? On October 21, 1868, at 7:53 AM, the Hayward Fault broke in the original “Great San Francisco Earthquake”. The 1868 earthquake on the Hayward Fault runs through, or near,... Explore some of the Fault lasted for about 1 minute and was over! 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