(2005). Soaking process can decrease the fat content of Sorghum grain due to absorption of water which lead to activation of the enzyme and digest food reserve substance. ... Table 2.1: The nutrient composition of sorghum (per 100 g edible portion) and the percent of The Effect of Different Malting Periods on the Nutritional Composition of Malted Sorghum-Soy Composite Flour. While considering nutritional composition of sorghum grain as well as organoleptic properties of the niche product (papad) prepared from them. The nutritional values for monogastric animals correspond to low-tannin varieties. chemical composition and nutritive value of sorghum and millets. Nutritional composition of sorghum includes calcium, iron, phosphorous, potassium and sodium are found in the quantities of 53.8 mg, 8.4 mg, 551 mg, 672 mg and 11.5 mg respectively per 100 grams sorghum. 2. 3, pp. This work investigates the nutritional and chemical composition of Sorghum bicolor starch hydrolysed with partially purified amylase of Rhizopus sp. By . Sorghum grain is known for its hardness compared to other food grains. can potentially enhance the nutritional quality of sorghum porridge, a staple in many African countries. Sorghum has a low protein content and is deficient in lysine. Journal of Food Science and Nutrition Research 3 (2020): 217-230. Online analysis information with non-nutrients and nutrients composition facts table for item No. Genetic factors play a major part in determining grain composition. The proximate composition of fermented and unfermented sorghum, soybean, and orange‐fleshed sweet potato flour blends is presented in Table 2. Chemical Composition and Seed Characteristics of Whole Grain Sample of High-Lysine and Normal Sorghum Lines Character High-lysine lines Normal sorghum IS 11167 IS 11758 Protein composition protein % 15.70 17.20 12.70 lysine, g/100 g protein 3.33 3.13 2.05 Sorghum grain (Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench). thereby affecting the nutritional and functional value of the bound constituents. Utilisation of marama flour in composite porridge depends on sensory acceptance. Control flatbread (CJ) was prepared with sorghum flour. • Water stress reduced carbohydrate, protein and ash and increase fiber contents. Preparation of medium and cultivation of organism Grain Sorghum Lipids: Extraction, Characterization, and Health Potential. Sorghum cultivars [16], and 12.45% and 8.51% for Sorghum soaked in distilled water and lime, respectively[17]. 1991 ) (Table 18). Sorghum flour, whole-grain contains 0.5 g of saturated fat and mg of cholesterol per serving. The present work was undertaken to study the effects of cooking, pH and polyphenol level on carbohydrate composition and nutritional quality of sorghum (Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench). [1] Subramanian and Jambunathan [2]. 17, No. Fermentation significantly im-proved the protein content and nutritional indices of experimental animals. to study nutritional composition of selected variations. MATERIALS AND METHODS Sorghum bicolor was obtained from Wazobia Market, Sabo, Ogbomoso, Oyo State, Nigeria. Dissertation . The variation in per cent chemical composition might be due to variation in recipe. Nutritional Analysis. Using all … This report discusses the results of studies carried out at 1CRISAT on the nutritional quality of sorghum and gives a brief account of food quality, including consumer accep-tance. Variations of flatbreads were formulated with sorghum flour by supplementing whole bengal gram flour and soybean flour each in the ratio of 70:30 ratio 50:50 and … Jampala et al., 2012). • Several genotypes showed … While the crude fibre was from sorghum grains and soy beans. Sorghum varieties and hybrids differ in palatability and nutritional value. Two Saudi Arabian sorghum cultivars, white and reddish white, were investigated for their chemical and nutritional quality. 7.5 Effect of sorghum diet on nutritional status of school going children 77 7.6 Determination of protein efficiency of sorghum 79 8 Processing and Impact of Sorghum on Nutritional Composition 81-87 8.1 Processing of Millets 81 8.2 Effect of grain processing on nutrient composition of sorghum products 83 9 Summary and Conclusions 89-90 Nutritional Value of Sorghum The proximate composition and nutritional aspects of grain sorghum have been extensively reviewed by Hulse et al. Proximate composition is an important criterion to determine the nutrient content and quality of foods (Qayyum et al., 2012). Food details for SORGHUM in different kinds of … 2011,,, 149-170. Effect of Fermentation on Nutritional Quality, Growth and ... mate composition of developed diet were determined. The nutritional composition of Sorghum bicolor grain includes energy (193 cal), moisture content (52%), protein (7.1 g), fat (0.6 g), carbohydrates (39.8 g), fiber (0.9 g), calcium (10 mg), iron (3.5 mg), and niacin (1.7 mg). 20067 found in category Flour, Cereal Grains and Pasta. The moisture content of developed blends ranged from 2.5% to 9.24%. Characterization of Nutritional, Antinutritional, and Mineral Contents of Thirty-Five Sorghum Varieties Grown in Ethiopia. Considerable variation in the grain composition of these cereals has been reported, particularly for sorghum and pearl millet (Hulse, Laing and Pearson, 1980; Jambunathan and Subramanian, 1988; Rooney and Serna-Saldivar. Sensory and nutritional quality of an extrud ed sorghum and cowpea blend as a complementary food for school age children . Data contents chart for nutritionists. Journal of Human Ecology: Vol. Sorghum (Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench) is a crop similar to corn in regards to its agronomic and nutritional value.However, in terms of requirements, sorghum is an attractive alternative to corn because it is more adapted to drought and low soil fertility (Borba et al., 2012).Among sorghum types are grain, forage, and sweet sorghum, which differ in plant height and nutritional value. 2.2.2 Nutritional quality of sorghum kernels .....8 2.3 Chickpea utilization .....10 2.3.1 Nutritional value of chickpea (Cicer arietinum ... Table 1: Comparison of the nutrient composition in 100 g dry chickpea, sorghum and wheat. Sorghum flour, whole-grain belong to 'Cereal Grains and Pasta' food category. Sorghum Nutrition Facts. Sorghum varieties rich in tannins are recommended for obese individuals and diabetic patients. 100 g of Sorghum flour, whole-grain contains 0.00 IU vitamin A, 0.8 mg of vitamin C and mcg of vitamin D as well as 3.14 mg of iron, 12.00 mg of calcium and 324 mg of potassium. 201-203. Vitamins like thiamin, niacin and riboflavin are also found in rich quantities in sorghum. An experiment was carried out to characterize the proximate compositions and antinutritional and mineral contents of sorghum varieties released for production by the Ethiopian sorghum improvement programme. Etuk and others published Nutrient Composition and Feeding Value of Sorghum for Livestock and Poultry | Find, read and cite all the research you need on ResearchGate According to the USDA, sorghum is a powerhouse of nutrients.When included in the diet, it can provide nearly half of the daily required protein, a significant amount of dietary fiber, and B-vitamins vitamins like niacin, riboflavin, and thiamin, as well as high levels of magnesium, iron, copper, calcium, phosphorus, and potassium. Nutritional Composition of Sorghum and Moth Bean Incorporated Traditional Recipies. food preparation on nutritional and anti-nutrient composition: the variety of sorghum (Gadam, Seredo, kivila kya ivui) the food preparation technique or treatment (fermentation, malting, control), and the formulation ratios of sorghum-to-pigeon pea flours (1:1:, 2:1, 5:1). They found that grain sorghum protein varies from 4.4 to 21.1% with a mean value of 11.4%. CHEMICAL COMPOSITION Sorghum grains exhibit a wide range of variation in their 2.2.1. 2 Improvement of the nutritional quality of sorghum and Pearl Millet TABLE 1. Nutritional composition of sorghum varieties: Moisture content was range from 12 to 13.9 per cent, fat (3.8 to 4.71 per cent), protein (9.8 to 15.08 per cent), carbohydrate (65.8 to 70.52 per cent) and ash content was ranged from 1.89 to 2.06 per cent. Sorghum is an extensively researched crop in Ethiopia. Composition of foods and dishes commonly consumed in … Physical grain characteristics, variation in composition due to production in diverse environments, and inherent genetic characteristics are a few of the major aspects known to affect variation in food and feed quality of sorghum grain. Averages as fed / on DM / other unit Min/max as fed Min/max on DM Min/Max other unit Main constituents; Parameter Compositing sorghum with lysine-rich marama flour when preparing porridges would address this problem. The representative samples of sorghum varieties moisture content, ash, fat, fiber, protein, total carbohydrate, food energy value, mineral content, and Table 1: General physical characteristics of sorghum varieties. Animal studies observed a 50% weight loss when fed with sorghum containing high tannin levels (Ambula et al., 2001). Detailed nutritional values of Sorghum. Varieties Potential growth area Purpose of release Seed color Abshir Dry lowlands (<1600 masl) • Genotypes presented high variability for carbohydrate, protein, lipid, fiber and ash. From a nutritional composition standpoint, sorghum is comparable to wheat (without containing gluten) in that it is high-complex carbohydrate, high-protein grain (1/2 cup supplies 72 grams of carbohydrate and 11 grams of protein) and also an excellent source of fiber (primarily insoluble fiber), vitamins B3, B1, and B2, and the minerals iron and potassium. Abstract Malted sorghum-soy composite flour was developed the non-malted (day 0). PDF | On Jan 1, 2012, E.B. The genotype RPASV-3 is found best for overall accepted characters and also having good frying qualities like puffiness, crispiness and expansion and having However, comprehensive information on nutritional, antinutritional, and mineral content has not been generated. Nosihle Princess Dlamini . Values. determining the nutritional composition of inbred waxy varieties for use in breeding programs is one strategy of improving the beneficial nutritional aspects of waxy sorghum lines, while minimizing the agronomic problems of reduced yield and stand establishment (e.g. The nutritional composition of 100 diverse sorghum genotypes were evaluated. It is concluded that when using grain whole sorghum in broiler feed, the feed formulation programs involving daily or every three days nutritional adjustments showed better feed conversion and the same results in weight gain, carcass and commercial cut yields and breast composition comparing to 4 stages nutritional program. INTRODUCTION. Sorghum's status as an alternative grain for people with gluten intolerance has made it more available as human food in the United States, and Pontieri's team suggests that its high nutritional value and other health benefits recommend it as a replacement for rice or … Environmental factors also have a role. Levels ( Ambula et al., 2001 ) in determining grain composition Qayyum al.... The moisture content of developed blends ranged from 2.5 % to 9.24 % fibre from. 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