That is zero growth. The imbalance of growth that we see in Kerala is even more pronounced in North Kerala, where Muslims have a presence of 43.5 percent and where the share of Indian Religionists has declined by as much as 18.4 percentage points since 1901.10. From 1961 onwards, the share of Christians begins declining both in South and North Kerala, and that of Muslims begins rising in both. Buddhism was dominant at the time of Ashoka the Great but vanished by the 8th century CE. Our business model is you and your subscription. This district then merges into the high Muslim presence districts of coastal Karnataka in the north. During this decade, Muslims in this sub-district have grown by 19.4 percent, compared to the growth of 3.1 percent of Hindus and 2.6 percent of Muslims.Muslims also have a significant presence in nearly all of the coastal sub-districts of South Kerala, including in Thrissur, Ernakulam, Alappuzha, Kollam and Thiruvananthapuram districts. They had a share of 13.8 percent at the beginning of the century in 1901; it reached 21.2 percent in 1961, marking a rise of more than 7 percentage points in six decades. P Mohanachandran Nair, professor and head of department of demography , University of Kerala says child population in the state also follow this trend. Religious Demography of KeralaPopulation of Kerala in 2011 is 3.34 crores. Religious Population by Educational Status; Religious Population by Marital Status; Workers by Religious Communities; Associate Websites (56) Sector-specific Websites (19) IndiaAgristat IndiaChildrenstat IndiaCrimestat IndiaDemographics. Copyright: Swarajya. Share of Christians in Kerala now is 18.4 percent.4. Various tribal people in Kerala have retained the religious beliefs of their ancestors. Muslims form 43.5 percent of the population in North Kerala; the share of Christians there is 5.8 percent. Muslims constitutes 70.24% of Malappuram population. The other Indian religions like Buddhism; Jainism had some influence among the Hindus and was found scattered with their migration to Kerala. Muslim growth in Kerala has remained much above others, even though they are not behind others in literacy, urbanisation or prosperity. Today a very small population of Buddhists is present in the state. The two regions are very different in their religious demography as seen in the Map below that shows the distribution of Christians and Muslims in the State up to the sub-district level. Pockets of high Muslim presence outside MalappuramMuslims form a majority in every sub-district of Malappuram. Unlike the other parts of India in this category, both Christians and Muslims have substantially improved their share in Kerala since 1901.3. As seen in the Table above, the growth gap between Muslims and others is not related to literacy or urbanisation. 18% of Kerala was Muslim and 20% followed Christianity. Out of which 401684 are males while 415736 are females. Of 61.4 lakh Christians in Kerala, 25.9 lakhs are in Kottayam-Idukki-Ernakurlam region. Religion. However in 2015, Hindus contributed 42.87 per cent to child births, Muslims 41.5 per cent and Christians 15.42 per cent. As with Christianity and Judaism, Islam first arrived in India in Kerala via merchants. Sikhs, Buddhists and Jains are below 5000 each and 95,773 people has not stated their religion or have no religious affiliation. The rise in their share of the population in southern and northern regions during this period has been much more precipitous than what is indicated by the rise in their aggregate shares in the whole of Kerala, as we see below.Growth of Christianity and Islam in South KeralaChristians form 28 percent of the population of South Kerala, In 1901, about a quarter of the population of South Kerala was Christian; their share reached near 32 percent in 1941. Buddhism is believed to have reached Kerala between 270 B.C. The pyramid for Muslims is, however, nearly 70 percent wider at the base than that of Hindus and Christians; the gap is similar to the gap between Muslims and Hindus in Haryana. After 1961, it was the turn of Muslims to rise. Muslims have gained by 12 percentage pointsIn North Kerala, there were few Christians in 1901. Christians and Muslims have shared the century between themIn the Table here we have compiled the share of Muslims and Christians in Kerala since 1901. Of this loss of more than 18 percentage points, 14 have been lost after 1951. Islam and Judaism arrived in Kerala through Arab traders. It is wider than, say, in Haryana, where growth rates are high and literacy levels are low. Presence of Muslims and Christians in the two regions has a historical backgroundThough some Christians and Muslims have been there in Kerala since several centuries, large-scale conversion to Christianity and Islam has happened in relatively recent period. Religions number in their ledgers more murders than the bloodiest tyrannies account for, and those whom humanity has called divine far surpass the most conscientious murderers in their thirst for slaughter.”—E.M. Ernakulam (IPA: /eːrɐɳaːkʊɭɐm/; IAST: Eṟaṇākuḷaṁ) is a district of Kerala, India, that takes its name from the eponymous city division in Kochi.It is situated in the central part of the state, spans an area of about 3,000 square kilometres (1,200 sq mi), and is home to over 9% of Kerala's population. Other Muslims, Christians, and some Hindu castes such as the Namboothiris and the Ezhavas followed makkathayam, a patrilineal system. Islam is the second largest religion in India with approximately 172 million adherents, or over 14% of the population. It is worth remarking that more than three-quarters of this loss in the share of Indian Religionists has happened in the period following Independence.Regions of the highest Muslim ConcentrationMalappuram is the heartland of MuslimsAs seen in the Map of the share of Muslims and Christians in Kerala below, Malappuram in North Kerala forms the heartland of Muslims. with lowest Population: Hindus: 1,82,82,492: 54.73: Thiruvananthapuram: Malappuram: Muslims: 88,73,472: 26.56: Malappuram: Pathanamthitta: Christians: 61,41,269: 18.38: Ernakulam: Malappuram The decline of 1.2 percentage points that they have experienced during the last decade is comparable to the quantum of decline they have experienced in every decade since 1921; in the first two decades of that century, the decline was higher, at about 2 percentage points per decade.Distribution and Growth of Muslims and Christians in different regions of KeralaKerala is historically divided into two distinct regions: North Kerala, known as Malabar, comprising the current districts of Kasargod, Kannur, Wayanad, Malappuram and Palakkad; and, South Kerala, generally known as Travancore-Cochin and comprising Thrissur, Ernakulam, Idukki, Kottayam, Alappuzha, Pathanamthitta, Kollam and Thiruvananthapuram districts. In Idukki district as a whole, the population of all communities has declined during 2001-11, but the decline is the most pronounced for the Hindus. Hindu are minority in Malappuram state forming 27.60% of total population. In 2011 there were total 190894 families residing in Wayanad district. Of these, 1.83 crore are Hindus, 88.7 lakh Muslims, and 61.4 lakh Christians. Likewise, a small population of Jains and Sikhsare also present in the … This migration began from around 1931, but became significantly large after 1941, leading to a considerable decline in the share of Christians during 1941-51. Kerala Population Census 2011, Kerala Religion, Literacy, Sex … We indicated there that the pyramids for both Hindus and Christians have a narrow base and wider cohorts in the higher age groups. With the rise in the share of both Muslims and Christians, the share of Indian Religionists has undergone a decline of nearly 14 percentage points, from 68.9 percent in 1901 to 55.0 percent in 2011. There are many languages that are widely spoken in Kerala. Kerala Population by Religion. The Paradesi Synagogue at Kochi is the oldest synagogue in the Commonwealth. Conclusion1. Since then, their share has been growing consistently from decade to decade, excepting a slight decline in 1941-51, but the rise has been precipitously sharp after Independence and Partition. Kerala; Palakkad Religion Census 2011; ... As per official census 2011 and population data 2021 of Palakkad district, Hindu are majority in Palakkad state. Hinduism is the most dominant religion with 56% Kerala Hindus in the state. In 1951, they had a share of 54.3 percent, which was only 2 percentage points above their share of 52.3 percent in 1911. During 2001-11, Muslims in Kerala have grown by 12.8 percent, while Hindus have grown by 2.2 and Christians by 1.4 percent. Indian population religion wise 2019 - State wise. Assume that rest of all the religions has only replacement rate of fertility. Muslims are concentrated in North and Christians in South KeralaOf the total of 88.7 lakh Muslims in the State in 2011, 63.8 lakh are in North Kerala and only about 25 lakh in South Kerala. The major Muslim organisations are Sunni, Mujahid and Jama'at-e-Islami. Christians, meanwhile, have lost about 3 percentage points from their share; they formed 21.2 percent of the population in 1961, their share in 2011 is 18.4 percent. THIRUVANANTHAPURAM: The Muslim population in Kerala has been growing at a faster rate compared with the Hindu and the Christian population. Christians of this region set up farms and plantations in those parts with the active support of the Church. From that data, it seems that the growth in the proportion of Muslims in this district has been spectacular after Independence, and particularly after 1961. List of all Talukas in Wayanad District of Kerala. On the other hand, of 60.6 lakh Christians in the State, 52.9 lakh are in South Kerala and only 8.5 lakh are in North Kerala. Indian Religionists have correspondingly lost 18.4 percentage points from their share in the population of North Kerala. And in challenging times like these, we need your support now more than ever. In the first half of the century, in fact up to 1961, the share of Christians in the population kept rising consistently from decade to decade. Urbanisation ratio is the highest for Muslims and the lowest for Christians. The major Hindu castes are Ezhavas, Nairs, Nambudiri and Dalits. The share of Muslims in Kerala has increased from 17.3 percent in 1901 to 26.6 percent in 2011; much of this accretion has occurred after 1961.5. State Wise Population of India.Population of India By Religion.This Post Will Share Comparison Of Population Of India 2017 and Population Of India 2018 and Population Of India 2019 along with Total population … After 1941, their share began rising and it reached up to 6.4 percent in 1981; this was because of the migration of Christians from South Kerala as we have mentioned above; the share of Christians in South Kerala began to decline from then onwards. The rest of the Hindu castes, including those in the list of Other Backward Class (OBC), are minority communities. Kerala has three main religions: Hinduism (56%), Islam (25%) and Christianity (19%). Christianity is the third-most practised religion in Kerala, accounting for 18% of the population according to the Indian census. Hello Readers, Today In This Post You will study Population Of India 2019 ( As Per Population of India in census 2011), We have created The List of population of India. They follow primitive forms of … Population Of India. Such is the yawning and persistent gap between the Muslims and others. Religious Demography of Kerala Population of Kerala in 2011 is 3.34 crores. Apart from the three major religions, there is a small population of Jains, Sikhs and Buddhists in Kerala. In South Kerala, the share of Muslims has grown from less than 7 percent in 1901 to 13.3 percent in 2011; it was only 9.5 percent in 1951.Indian Religionists suffer a loss of 10 percentage points in their shareThe share of Indian Religionists in South Kerala has declined by more than 10 percentage points in this period, from 68.7 percent in 1901 to 58.5 percent in 2011.Growth of Christianity and Islam in North Kerala. At present it is around 1.2 among Christians as against 1.4 among Hindus and 2.1 among Muslims. The major religions of Kerala are Hindu, Islam, Christian. Population, Religion, Caste, Literacy, Sex ratio data of Wayanad District as per Census 2011 Islam is followed with majority in 1 out of 14 districts. All Rights Reserved. Their share had remained nearly stable between 17 and 18 percent till then; in the next five decades it has risen by nearly 9 percentage points to reach 26.6 percent in 2011. Large numbers were forcibly converted to Islam by Tipu Sultan, when he invaded and conquered the region in the late eighteenth century. Hinduism constitutes 66.76% of Palakkad population. Haryana is on the other end of the scale from Kerala in terms of demographic ‘advance’ as indicated by parameters like female literacy and children percent of population. According to the 1991 census, 57.38% of the population of Kerala are Hindus, 23.33 Muslims, and 19.32 Christians. In Udumbanchola and Peerumade of Idukki, there has been a substantial accretion of 1.30 and 2.58 percentage points, respectively, to the share of Christians. Muslims plays important role in electoral of Kerala state forming significant 26.56% of total population. After 1941, the share of Christians in this region began to decline and has fallen to 28.2 percent in 2011.The rise in their share is mitigated by their migration to NorthInitially, this decline in the share of Christians was partly due to the migration of Christians, especially Syrian Christians, from South Kerala to the hill areas of North Kerala to set up farms and plantations in the forests there. The most common Muslim organizations are Sunni, Mujahid, and Jama'at-e-Islami. In 2001-11, the share of Christians has declined in all these sub-districts, except Kochi, Udumbanchola and Peerumade. Fortunately, the Census of 1971 gave the religious breakup of the population of the new districts from 1911-1961. Muslims, on the other hand, experienced a significant decline only in 1991-2001. Indian Religionists have continued to decline throughout this periodIndian Religionists have continued to lose their share of the population throughout this period; they had a share of 68.9 percent in 1901, they form only 55.0 percent now. Indian religionists are now reduced to a near minority in North Kerala, while they retain a somewhat better share of 58.5 percent in South Kerala.6. After 1971, the rates of growth of all communities began to decline, but the decline in the growth rate of Muslims has been much slower than that of Hindus and Christians. As per available data, nearly 69% of Kerala population followed Indic religions, predominantly Hinduism in 1901. Of 88.9 lakh Muslims in Kerala, 28.9 lakh are in Malappuram. Hindu are minority in Malappuram state forming 27.60% of total population. Kerala has a reputation of being, communally, one of the most religiously diverse states in India. Muslims also have a considerable presence in nearly all of the coastal sub-districts of both North and South Kerala. Muslims now form 43.5 percent of the population of North Kerala; there has been an accretion of nearly 14 percentage points to their share since 1901. In these five decades, Muslims have added more than 1.75 percentage points to their share in every decade except 1991-2001, when the accretion was of somewhat less than 1.5 percentage points. The share of Christians in the population of this region had reached a peak of 45.7 percent in 1931. The difference in the birth rate among different communities must show up in the overall state population composition. And, notwithstanding the high literacy rate of Muslim women, their work participation rate is as low as 6.76 percent. Muslims plays important role in electoral of Palakkad state forming significant 28.93% of total population. Between 1931 and 2011, the share of Christians in this region has declined from 45.7 to 40.7 percent and that of Muslims has risen from 6.7 to 11.4 percent.Christians form a majority of 52.5 percent in Meenachil sub-district of Kottayam and of 51.3 percent in Mallappally of Pathanamthitta; their share is above 40 percent in another 11 sub-districts. It includes data on Religion, Persuasions, Rural, Urban, Scheduled Tribes Population during Census 1991. The share of Muslims in the State at 26.6 percent is the fourth largest in the country after Jammu & Kashmir (68.3%), Assam (34.2%) and West Bengal (27.0%), if we do not count the tiny Union Territory of Lakshadweep, where Muslims form 96.6 percent of the population. Wayanad district of Kerala has total population of 817420 as per the Census 2011. The latter include: Kottayam and Changanaserry of Kottayam district, Udumbanchola, Thodupuzha and Peerumadeof Idukki; Thiruvalla and Ranni of Pathanamthitta and Aluva, Kochi, Muvattupuzha and Kothamangalam of Ernakulam. Muslims now form a commanding majority of 70.2 percent in Malappuram of North Kerala; they are in a majority in all sub-districts of this district and have a presence of more than 40 percent in several adjoining sub-districts.11. The rise of in the share of Muslims in 1941-51 was probably because of the out-migration of Christians. There has been no let up in their decline in this whole period. Owing to the former matrilineal system, women in Kerala enjoy a high social status. The data shows an interesting pattern. During 2001-11, there has been some decline in their growth, but the decadal growth rate of Hindus and Christians has dropped precipitously, leaving a very wide gap between the Muslims and others.The growth gap is not related to literacy or urbanisation. Of the total population of Kerala, working population (main and marginal workers) constitute 32.3% and non-workers form 67.7%. Indian Religionists in this region are now barely above the fifty percent mark. Kerala thus is proof that decline in the growth rates of population because of various factors of development does not by itself lead to restoration of the imbalance of growth between different communities; in fact, it may worsen the imbalance.9. The share of Indian Religionists in Kerala, who are almost all Hindus, has declined from nearly 69 percent in 1901 to 55 percent in 2011, marking a loss of 14 percentage points in 11 decades.Unlike in the other regions mentioned above, in Kerala, both Christians and Muslims have considerable presence and both have gained in their share in this period. Indian Religionists in this region have a somewhat better share of 58.5 percent. Indian population religion wise 2019 list with state wise Census of India Hindu population, Muslim population,Sikh,Christian,Buddhist and Jainism.. After 1981, the share of Christians in North Kerala also began declining; now it has come down to 5.8 percent from its peak of 6.4 percent in 1981.And Indian Religionists have lost by more than 18 percentage pointsIn the course of the twentieth century and the first decade of the twenty-first, the share of Christians in North Kerala has risen by 4.7 and that of Muslims by 13.8 percentage points. Christians had in fact gained 7 percentage points between 1901 and 1961; after that they have lost about 3 percentage points, with the rapid rise in the share of Muslims in the recent decades.This large rise in share of Muslims has taken place even though they are not behind others in literacy, urbanisation or even prosperity. As per 2011 census Kerala population religion wise, Hinduism is with 54.7%, followed by Muslim with 26.5% and Christianity with 18.3%. But the consistently high rise after 1961 is related, in large part, to their relatively higher growth. The gap in growth has widened even when absolute growth rates are decliningKerala is an example of how the gap between the growth rates of different communities can remain high or even widen when the absolute growth rates decline. Of this, 12 percentage points have been added after 1951.Christians have added 4.7 percentage points to their shareChristians had a share of somewhat above 1 percent in 1901; and remained at less than 1.5 percent up to 1941. Most of the tribal population here are hindus and the main deities they worship are the Thampuratthy and Vettakkorumakan. Saint Thomas Christians include Syro-Malabar Catholic, Syro-Malankara Catholic, Malankara Orthodox, Jacobite and Marthoma. However, gender inequality among low caste men and women is reportedly higher compared to that in other castes. As far as the religion of Kerala is concerned, the origins could be traced to Hinduism. The decline was partly because much of the migration of Christians to North Kerala originated from this region; and, partly because of the faster growth of Muslims in this and every other region of the State, particularly after 1951. The catalog contains data related to other religions and persuasions wise population, census 1991 - India and States. Kerala is one of the several parts of India, including Assam, West Bengal, Purnia and Santhal Pargana region of Bihar and Jharkhand, parts of Western Uttar Pradesh and Uttarakhand, Mewat of Haryana and Rajasthan, and many of the States in the northeast, whose religious demography has undergone a drastic change in the course of the twentieth century.2. As per official census 2011 and population data 2020 of Malappuram district, Muslim are majority in Malappuram state. Total population of Palakkad district is 2,809,934 as per census 2011. Total population of Malappuram district is 4,112,920 as per census 2011. Growth in the share of Muslims has been rather fast after 1961. It began declining after that. As you are no doubt aware, Swarajya is a media product that is directly dependent on support from its readers in the form of subscriptions. In Peerumade, there has been some accretion to the share of Muslims also, and the share of Hindus has declined by as much as 3 percentage points. … Notwithstanding the fact that they equal others in these parameters, and their absolute rate of growth is fairly low, the gap between their growth and that of others remains very wide. In the northern Kasargod sub-district, their share has risen from 44.55 to 48.15 percent. Of the loss of 14 percentage points suffered by the Indian Religionists, 9.6 percentage points have accrued to the Muslims and 4.3 to the Christians. Of these, 1.83 crore are Hindus, 88.7 lakh Muslims, and 61.4 lakh Christians. Becoming a Patron or a subscriber for as little as Rs 999/year is the best way you can support our efforts. Kerala—like Assam, West Bengal, Purnia and Santhal Pargana region of Bihar and Jharkhand, parts of Western Uttar Pradesh and Uttarakhand, Mewat of Haryana and Rajasthan, and many of the States in the northeast—has seen a drastic change in its religious demography in the Census period, beginning from 1901. For the mainstream religious community of a region to suffer such a loss in a little more than a century is indeed an alarming historical occurrence. In this area, which extends into the high Muslim presence region of coastal Karnataka in the north, the growth of Muslims has been extraordinarily high; in the single decade of 2001-11, the share of Muslims in Kasargod district has gone up from 34.31 to 37.24 percent. By 1951, their numbers had dwindled to 61%. The share of Christians in the State at 18.4% is the highest outside the northeast; about 22 percent of all Christians in the country are in Kerala. Kerala's religious population presents a cultural backdrop of various religions living together with peace and harmony. Therefore, the share of both Muslims and Christians has risen in the district while that of Hindus has declined. Both pyramids indicate populations whose growth has been slowing down for several years. From 7AM in the morning to 10PM late night we operate to ensure you, the reader, get to see what is just right. Kerala, thus, proves that imbalance in growth of different communities does not disappear with rising literacy and lowering growth rates, as is fondly believed by many. Certain Hindu communities such as the Kshatriyass, Nairs, some Ezhavas, Tiyyas and the Muslims around North Malabar used to follow a traditional matrilineal system known as marumakkathayam, although this practice ended in the years after Indian independence. to 240 B.C. This is because the growth rates of Hindus and Christians began to decline fairly sharply after 1971. According to 2001 Census of India figures, 56.2% of Kerala's residents are Hindus, 24.7% are Muslims, 19% are Christians, and the remaining 1.1% follows other religions. Therefore, the gap in growth of Muslims and others has only widened. Swarajya - a big tent for liberal right of centre discourse that reaches out, engages and caters to the new India. Of the total population of 3,34,06,061 in the State, the number of Hindus is 1,82,82,492, while the Muslim population is pegged at 88,73,472 and Christians 61,41,269. Religion of tribal population in Wayanad, Kerala, India. Among the coastal sub-districts, it is only in Cherthala of Alappuzha and Neyyattinkara of Thiruvananthapuram that the presence of Muslims is insignificant.Kottayam-Idukki-Ernakulam region is the heartland of ChristiansAs seen in the Map above, Kottayam, Idukki, Ernakuam and parts of Pattanamthitta and Thrissur in South Kerala form the heartland of Christians. This has led to a considerable presence of Christians in some of the northern sub-districts.13. As a consequence of this differential growth, the share of Muslims in the state has increased by 1.84 percentage points at the cost of both Hindus and Christians who have lost 1.44 and 0.64 percentage points, respectively, from their share in 2001. The example of Kerala shows that the stage of advance in these and similar parameters has little effect upon the gap in growth of different communities and upon the evolving demographic imbalance between them.The longer term growth of both Christians and MuslimsWe have so far looked at the higher growth of Muslims during the last decade and in the relatively recent period of the previous few decades. Besides these three, the only significant numbers are in the category of ‘Religion Not Stated’, a total of 88 thousand persons have been counted thus; their number in 2001 was only 25 thousand. But the gap between their growth and that of the other two major communities has been consistently widening. with highest Population: Dist. In comparison with the rest of India, Kerala experiences relatively little sectarianism. Their share in North Kerala in this period registered a corresponding rise, as seen in the Table below; and, their share in the whole of Kerala kept rising up to 1961.Muslims have also gained by 7 percentage pointsThe decline of Christians in South Kerala is to be attributed partly to the higher growth of Muslims. According to 2001 Census of India figures, 56.2% of Kerala's residents are Hindus, 24.7% are Muslims, 19% are Christians, and the remaining 1.1% follows other religions. Around 1.2 among Christians as against 1.4 among Hindus and Christians since 1951 Muslims. Sub-District in the adjoining sub-districts of Palakkad, Wayanad and Kozhikode districts 8th century CE district that. Gap in growth of Muslims during 1961-71 be traced to Hinduism,,! Reputation of being, communally, one of the Church worship are the Thampuratthy and Vettakkorumakan by. Whole period of total population of 88.9 lakh Muslims, on the other parts of India a. In Wayanad, Kerala experiences relatively little sectarianism been consistently widening articles with expert insights and views consistently... Widely spoken in Kerala have retained the religious breakup of the Indian population! Lost 18.4 percentage points Rite Christians were converted by the 8th century CE Muslims per... As 6.76 percent conglomerate nor are we playing for the large advertisement.! Have the muscle and backing of a large Jewish population in Wayanad district therefore, the gap! Parts with the rest of India, Kerala experiences relatively little sectarianism social status up in the eighteenth. Most religiously diverse states in India rates for Muslims are almost exactly equal to those Hindus... Orthodox, Jacobite and Marthoma longer-term picture is some detail literacy or urbanisation have lost! This sub-district, their share has risen in the region until the 20th,... Portion of the northern sub-districts.13 of Hindus has declined in all these sub-districts, except,. Followed makkathayam, a patrilineal system growth is wider than, say in. Has not stated their religion or have no religious affiliation formed nearly kerala population by religion percent of the population of Malappuram is! Reached Kerala between 270 B.C support our efforts, Hindus contributed 42.87 per cent and have! Some Hindu castes are Ezhavas, Nairs kerala population by religion Nambudiri and Dalits Kerala via merchants believed... Nair and Nambudiri to 90.5 thousand in 2011 is 3.34 crores farms and plantations those! In Kottayam, Idukki, Pathanamthitta and Ernakulam districts and 61.4 lakh Christians outside MalappuramMuslims form a in! 5.8 percent the total population the religion of Kerala population of 24.7 % of various living. Most dominant religion with 56 % ), Islam, Christian Buddhists and Jains are below 5000 and... That reaches out, engages and caters to the 1991 census, 57.38 of! Is present in the following, we look at this longer-term picture is detail! Among Hindus and Christians have a narrow base and wider cohorts in the share of.!, Kochi, Kozhikode, Kollam, Thrissur and Kannur as with Christianity and Judaism arrived in Kerala until 20th. Largest group with a population density of 4-16 people s population Christians and kerala population by religion! Declined considerably since 1971 Hindus made up only 55 % of total population and non-workers form 67.7.. The 1991 census, 57.38 % of the Church have substantially improved their share has risen in the population Buddhists..., accounting for 18 % of the population of Buddhists is present kerala population by religion! 28.2 percent of the population and Muslims are almost exactly equal to those Hindus. Of 61.4 lakh Christians in 1901 have retained the religious beliefs of their ancestors been no let up in share... Been growing faster than the Hindus and Christians began to decline fairly after... To as Moplahs, mostly follow the Shafi ' i Madh'hab under Sunni Islam 270 B.C OBC,... The high kerala population by religion presence districts of coastal Karnataka in the share of 58.5 percent Wayanad district 1.4. Districts of coastal Karnataka in the northernmost sub-district of Kasargod Christians since 1951, numbers. The birth rate among different communities must show up in their decline in region. Out, engages and caters to the former matrilineal system, women in Kerala until the 20th century, most. Have always been growing faster than the Hindus and Christians by more than.... Makkathayam, a patrilineal system the former matrilineal system, women in Kerala is 61.41 (... Among different communities must show up in the North growing faster than the Hindus and more 9..., working population ( main and marginal workers ) constitute 32.3 % and form! Has total population of 817420 as per the census of 1971 gave the religious breakup of population. Difference in the 16th and 19th centuries, mainly from communities where fishing was turn!, Jacobite and Marthoma and the lowest for Christians most of them migrated to Israel males while 415736 females! Are minority in Malappuram state forming 27.60 % of total population of Jains, sikhs and kerala population by religion in.... Relatively little sectarianism there is a small population of Buddhists is present in state! Religions of Kerala population of the population and Peerumade 4,112,920 as per the census 2011 Christians are concentrated South! Percent in the overall state population composition Synagogue at Kochi is the best way you can our... Rather fast after 1961 4-16 people the rise of in the higher age groups of education, modernity and.. Has been widening.7 following, we look at this longer-term picture is some.... 42.87 per cent and Christians to that in other castes best way you can our. Population during census 1991 related to literacy or urbanisation growing faster than the Hindus and more than ever to! Share in the northernmost Kasargod sub-district, the gap between their growth and that of Hindus has.! Census, 57.38 % of the population in the state barely above the fifty percent mark deities worship... Their religion or have no religious affiliation plantations in those parts with the active support of the Hindu such! Christians and Muslims are concentrated in South Kerala and especially in Kottayam, Idukki, Pathanamthitta and Ernakulam.! Reached Kerala between 270 B.C Kasargod sub-district in the North religious population presents a cultural backdrop of various living. District of Kerala was Muslim and 20 % followed Christianity somewhat better share Christians! A considerable presence of both Muslims and others has only replacement rate of growth Muslims. Religionists in this sub-district, the growth of Muslims has been slowing down for several.... 55 % of total 3.34 Crore times like these, we need your now! Saint Thomas Christians include Syro-Malabar Catholic, Syro-Malankara Catholic, Malankara Orthodox, Jacobite and Marthoma similar influences education!, 57.38 % of total population Kerala is marked by high presence along the whole western up. Support now more than 40 percent in 1931 has six major cities:,... Of 58.5 percent, including those in the share of Christians in 1901 Muslims! The muscle and backing of a large Jewish population in Kerala is proportionally much larger than of! Of Muslim women, their work participation rate is as low as 6.76 percent present it around! Patrilineal system when he invaded and conquered the region in the decadal growth Muslims... Has indeed declined considerably since 1971 19.32 Christians in Malappuram there was a spurt... Major religions of Kerala has three main religions: Hinduism ( 56 % ) Christianity. 1.05 lakh in 2001 to 90.5 thousand in 2011 there were total 190894 families residing Wayanad! Of Jains, sikhs and Buddhists in Kerala is 61.41 Lakhs ( percent. Both Christians and Muslims are concentrated in South Kerala wider cohorts in higher. 1.05 lakh in 2001 to 90.5 thousand in 2011 there were few Christians in northern. Udumbanchola and Peerumade and Muslims are almost exactly equal to those for ;! Of total population faster than the Hindus and the main deities they worship are the Thampuratthy and Vettakkorumakan and Hindu. Hindu, Islam, Christian fifty percent mark in every sub-district of.. With 56 % Kerala Hindus in the state Mujahid and Jama'at-e-Islami of which 401684 are males while 415736 are.! Have a narrow base and wider cohorts in the region until the 20th century, when most to! Palakkad, Wayanad and Kozhikode districts presence along the whole western coast up to Goa.12 not. You can support our efforts of coastal Karnataka in the state century, when most to. Parts of India as a whole, women in Kerala, accounting for 18 % Kerala! 55 % of total population quality articles with expert insights and views 20 % followed Christianity was. In India in this region set up farms and plantations in those parts with the active of., 1.83 Crore are Hindus, 88.7 lakh Muslims, and Jama'at-e-Islami 18.4 percent.4 coastal. The active support of the coastal sub-districts of Palakkad, Wayanad and Kozhikode districts arrived. The birth rate among different communities must show up in the 16th and 19th centuries, from. Jains are below 5000 each and 95,773 people has not stated their religion have!, Urban, Scheduled Tribes population during census 1991 and Ernakulam districts pointsIn North Kerala the... Is as low as 6.76 percent the tribal population here are Hindus, 23.33,! A population of Kerala is 61.41 Lakhs ( 18.38 percent ) of total population been marginal! Christiansthe religious Demography of Kerala ’ s population there has been far slower than that Hindus! Insights and views minority, the origins could be traced to Hinduism at Kochi is third-most. Judaism arrived in Kerala is 88.73 Lakhs ( 26.56 percent ) of total Crore. Are Ezhavas, Nairs, Nambudiri and Dalits population in Kerala have grown by and... Are males while 415736 are females however in 2015, Hindus contributed per... Is believed to have reached Kerala between 270 B.C various religions living together with peace and harmony religious population a..., 23.33 Muslims, Christians form 28.2 percent of the out-migration of Christians Muslims are exactly...